Certified Organic Wool Mattress Ingredient
In order for wool to be certified as "organic," it must be produced in accordance with federal standards for organic livestock production. Federal requirements for organic livestock production include:
- Livestock feed and forage used from the last third of gestation must be certified organic;
- Use of synthetic hormones and genetic engineering is prohibited;
- Use of synthetic pesticides (internal, external, and on pastures) is prohibited, and
- Producers must encourage livestock health through good cultural and management practices.
Organic livestock management is different from non-organic management in at least two major ways:
- 1) Sheep cannot be dipped in parasiticides (insecticides) to control external parasites such as ticks and lice.
- 2) Organic livestock producers are required to ensure that they do not exceed the natural carrying capacity of the land on which their animals graze.
Third-party certification organizations verify that organic producers use only methods and materials allowed in organic production. The Organic Trade Association has developed standards that apply to the processing of organic wool.
The processing of raw organic wool from shearing to baling is controlled by GOTS Global Organic Textile Standard. GOTS prohibits the use of dyes and chlorine pre-treatments for scouring and descaling and requires the treatment of wastewater discharge from the scouring process. The scouring process removes the lanolin from the wool and cleans the dirt and debris attached to the sheared wool. In wool processing, both third party certifications must work in tandem to ensure complete transparency and movement of the sheep to the finished bale.
- At all stages conventional and wool and organic wool must be kept separated All inputs, soaps, dyes must be evaluated and met basic requirement on toxicity and biodegradability
- Prohibition of critical inputs such as toxic heavy metals, formaldehyde, aromatic solvents, as well as GMO and their enzymes
- Bleaches must be based on oxygen no chlorine
- No azo dyes that release carcinogenic amine compounds
- Restrictions on PVC, nickel or chrome
- All manufactures must have an environmental policy including target goals and procedure to minimize waste and discharge
- Wet and water processing must keep full records of the use of energy, water consumption and waste water treatment
- Packaging must contain no PVC
- Social criteria based on key norms of the ILO must be met by all processors and manufactures
Requirements for Certified Organic Wool
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