Organic Wool Verses Natural Wool Mattresses
Raising live sheep organically or naturally is very different than growing agricultural products although some issues are the same. Organic or natural wool cannot be artificially manufactured and organic wool must be grown and processed without chemical treatments of any kind. Although lamb is certified through the USDA, Organic wool is certified through GOTS standard and takes into consideration the land the sheep graze on, animal husbandry, through the shearing and scouring and packaging process of every pound of certified wool produced and certified annually.
Organic Wool Production Handling Requirements:
The producer or handler of a production or handling operation intending to sell, label, or represent agricultural products as organic, must ensure that production practices must maintain or improve the natural resources of the operation, including soil and water quality. The producer must develop an organic production or handling system plan that is agreed to by the producer or handler and an accredited certifying agent, such as USDA for organic sheep or lamb and then GOTS for the wool fiber sheared off the lamb or sheep. An organic system plan must meet the requirements for organic production or handling. Natural or Free Range Lamb or Wool Production Handling Requirements: Do not have to be certified by a third party.
Organic Wool and Lamb Husbandry:
Organic lamb and wool prohibits the use of synthetic chemical wormers and antibiotics, organic producers must use other methods to deal with internal parasites and disease. Proper pasture rotation, breed selection, intermediate host control (for parasites such as tapeworms and liver flukes) and manure management can all contribute to the goal of parasite reduction. Internal parasite control is considered the main obstacle to organically produced lamb.
Organic Wool Pasture Rotation:
Organic sheep are raised in pastures, and are not in close confinement. Similar to organic farming the land must be certified organic must: have been managed in accordance with the provisions organic farming and have no prohibited substances, as well as applied to it for a period of 3 years immediately preceding harvest of the crop; and have distinct, defined boundaries and buffer zones such as runoff diversions to prevent the unintended application of a prohibited substance to the crop or contact with a prohibited substance applied to adjoining land that is not under organic management. Natural wool land requirements Crop rotation. Rotating crops annually establishes a natural balance that minimizes large pest infestations that can grow each year.
Organic Wool Genetic Engineering:
Sheep used in organic wool production may not be the result of genetic engineering or cloning. Lambs shall not be deliberately separated from ewes sooner than two months. An identification system which ensures the identity of organically produced sheep throughout the life cycle (ear tagging or individual marking). Natural Wool Genetic Engineering: Sheep used in natural wool production may be the result of genetic engineering or cloning.
Organic Wool Food Feed to Sheep:
Feed (grain, hay, pellets) fed to livestock shall be certified organically grown. This includes the ewes as well as the lambs. If you have bottle-raised lambs, they must be fed organically produced milk. The organically produced feed CANNOT contain : hormones, antibiotics, other prohibited growth promoters, plastic pellets for roughage, manure refeeding, mammalian or poultry animal by-products, urea or any materials listed on the national prohibited materials list. Pastures or field units shall be certified organically maintained. No chemical fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides or other restricted materials.
Natural Wool Food Feed To Sheep:
Sheep used in natural wool production may graze on nonorganic pastures and be feed non organic food. Organic Wool and Medicine: Antibiotics or synthetic medication (other than vaccinations) are not allowed. In addition to the above items, proper living conditions and appropriate shelter must be provided. Records must be maintained on feed and health care and producers may be asked to provide residue testing of feed, meat or food product. If sheep become ill and treatment with a prohibited material is necessary to prevent suffering or death of the animal, the producer must provide treatment and divert the animal to a conventional flock or market. Failure to provide treatment to sick animals in order to maintain organic certification is grounds for revocation of certification.
Natural Wool and Medicine: Antibiotics can be used on sheep as well as other medicines allowed by the FDA and USDA.
Organic Wool and Shearing:
Wool grows constantly on a sheep just like our own hair. Depending on the breed of sheep the hair can be different lengths, thicknesses and even different colors. The hair (wool) or fleece grows very thick and is naturally oil (wool greased) creating a waterproof and warm coat for the sheep. Organic wool is not dipped for parasite removal and it is simply sheared off the sheep annually. Natural Wool and Shearing: Natural wool sheared in warm month there is no need for dipping the wool to remove parasites.
The next phase of organic wool is certified and controlled by GOTS as it has to do with fiber processing. Organic wool now has another chain of requirements to meet in its scouring and carding practices. Natural Wool: Is not certified by a third party source and does not have to meet any particular requirements.in the scouring and carding process. Organically Scoured Wool: Wool contains dirt, and pasture debris as well as lanolin which are naturally in wool and are sticky and greasy. Scouring is an effective way to wash and rinse the greasy wool using warm water and mild detergents. The largest national wool scouring company in the Americas, north and south, Europe and Asia is Chargeurs a French company. You would be surprised no matter where you buy your wool 90% of all the worlds wool is processed through this company. Organic wool is scoured using detergents approved by GOTS and those removing all the impurities and then the wool.
Naturally Scoured Wool: Uses the same process as organic scouring but the detergents can contain chemicals not allowed in organic scouring.
Organic Wool Tops and Noils:
Once organic wool is cleaned (scoured) and dried it can be sorted for combing and carding. Organic wool is combed before it is carded. The combing removes the short fiber from the fleece prior to carding. This combed organic wool is called Noils and is used in the bedding market as it is felted no spun. This process is controlled by GOTS and record keeping and quality control and separation of organic wool from conventional wool is maintained. Wool Tops are the carded wool used for spinning and making thread, and yarn.
Naturally Wool Tops and Noils: Uses the same process as organic combing and carding but the record keeping and certifications do not have to be maintained.
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- Benefits Of Wool
- How is Wool Harvested
- Wool Manufacturing Process
- Types Of Wool
- Wool Bedding Benefits
- Wool Bedding Care
- Sleep Secure With Wool
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