Negative effects of current conventional cotton farming
The topsoil becomes depleted of organic matter, decreasing its ability to hold water. This decrease leads to erosion of the topsoil layer by wind and water. This leads to overall decline in soil productivity.
Irrigation systems that deplete the surface and ground water disrupt the natural water cycle, creating a water scarcity in some areas while reducing water quality with the use of pesticides in other areas. Agriculture is the largest single non-point source of water pollutants including sediments, salts, fertilizers (nitrates and phosphorus), pesticides, and manures.
Insects, fungi and other pests are becoming resistant to pesticides, perpetuating the need to create more harmful pesticides. As the strength of pesticides has increased, it has impacted pollinator and other beneficial species, reducing genetic diversity of other plant life.
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